Thứ bảy, 09 22nd

Last updatethứ 7, 22 09 2018 4pm

Phi hạt nhân hóa BTT đến hồ sơ Iran: Gậy Mỹ to nhưng củ cà rốt cũng không nhỏ

 

GT: Hôm thứ Bảy 12 tháng 5 Bắc Triều Tiên thông báo sẽ tháo dỡ căn cứ thử hạt nhân vào ngày 23 đến 25 tháng 5. Đây là một sự kiện đầy kịch tính, diễn ra trước cuộc họp thượng đỉnh giữa lãnh đạo BTT Kim Jong Un với Tổng thống Hoa Kỳ Donald Trump vào tháng tới (*).

 

Như nhằm chứng tỏ thiện chí và sự minh bạch, BTT mời truyền thông báo chí từ Hoa Kỳ, Nam Hàn, Trung Quốc, Nga, và Anh đến chứng kiến cuộc tháo dỡ căn cứ thử hạt nhân này.

 

Cũng hôm thứ Sáu 11 tháng 5, Ngoại trưởng Nam Hàn sang họp với Ngoại trưởng Hoa Kỳ. Hoa Kỳ hứa giúp BTT tái thiết và phát triển kinh tế khi phi hạt nhân hóa hoàn toàn.

 

Các diễn tiến dồn dập này cho thế giới hy vọng vào cuộc họp sắp tới nhằm phi hạt nhân hóa bán đảo Triều Tiên, đem hòa bình và ổn định trước hết cho các nước trong khu vực và thế giới.

 

Người dân Iran do đó có quyền hy vọng một tương lai dân chủ tốt đẹp hơn. Họ không thể chịu đựng được một thể chế thần quyền gian dối cai trị lâu hơn, khi một mặt nhận ưu đãi từ thỏa thuận hạt nhân 2015 nhưng mặt khác lại lén lút phát triển chương trình hạt nhân. Thể chế thần quyền Iran còn có thành tích bất hảo tài trợ khủng bố toàn cầu.

 

Người dân Iran không phải không nhận ra quyết định của Mỹ rút ra khỏi thỏa thuận hạt nhân 2015, tái áp dụng lệnh trừng phạt Iran nhằm cắt nguồn chế biến hạt nhân, đã được Isarel và các nước Ả Rập mạnh khác như Saudi Arabia và Khối Tiểu Vương quốc Ả Rập (United Arab Emirates) hoan nghênh. Điều này có nghĩa là nhân dân Iran muốn đất nước tiến về dân chủ thật sự đang có những đồng minh lân cận, là những nước láng giềng, và hẳn họ sẽ nhận được sự trợ giúp của Hoa Kỳ để tái thiết phát triển kinh tế một khi Iran có được một chính thể hoàn toàn từ bỏ chương trình võ khí hạt nhân.

 

Một khi cuộc đàm phán phi hạt nhân hóa bán đảo Triều Tiên thành công, nó hẳn gởi tín hiệu mạnh đến hồ sơ Iran: gậy Mỹ to nhưng củ cà rốt cũng không nhỏ. 

 

 

051218_2

FILE - In this June 27, 2008 file image from TV, the demolition of the 60-foot-tall cooling tower at its main reactor complex in Yongbyon North Korea. North Korea’s Foreign Ministry said Saturday May 12, 2018, it will hold a “ceremony” for the dismantling of its nuclear test site on May 23-25 in what would be a dramatic but symbolic event to set up the summit meeting between Kim Jong Un and US President Donald Trump scheduled for next month - AP

 

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(*):

North Korea to Dismantle Nuclear Test Site Later This Month 

Associated Press

 

SEOUL — North Korea said Saturday that it will dismantle its nuclear test site between May 23 and 25, in a dramatic event that would set up leader Kim Jong Un's summit with President Donald Trump next month.

 

In a statement carried by state media, North Korea's Foreign Ministry said that all of the tunnels at the country's northeastern testing ground will be destroyed by explosion, and that observation and research facilities and ground-based guard units will also be removed.

Kim had already revealed plans to shut down the test site by the end of May during his summit with South Korean President Moon Jae-in last month. Analysts say that while the closure of the site is important, it doesn't represent a material step toward full denuclearization.

"A ceremony for dismantling the nuclear test ground is now scheduled between May 23 and 25," depending on weather conditions, the Foreign Ministry's statement said.

It said the North will invite journalists from the United States, South Korea, China, Russia and Britain to witness the dismantling process.

The journalists will be provided with a charter flight from Beijing to the North Korean coastal city of Wonsan, from where they will travel by train to the test site, the statement said.

The ministry said the North will continue to "promote close contacts and dialogue with the neighboring countries and the international society so as to safeguard peace and stability on the Korean Peninsula and over the globe."

Following the Moon-Kim summit, Moon's office said Kim was willing to disclose the process to international experts, but the North's statement Saturday didn't include any mention about allowing experts on the site.

South Korea had no immediate response to the statement.

The North's announcement comes days after Washington announced that the historic summit between Kim and Trump will be held June 12 in Singapore.

Seoul, which shuttled between Washington and Pyongyang to set up the Trump-Kim meeting, has said Kim has genuine interest in dealing away his nuclear weapons in return for economic benefits. However, there are lingering doubts about whether Kim would ever agree to fully relinquish the weapons he likely views as his only guarantee of survival.

During their summit at a border truce village, Moon and Kim vaguely promised to work toward the "complete denuclearization" of the Korean Peninsula, but made no references to verification or timetables.

North Korea for decades has been pushing a concept of "denuclearization" that bears no resemblance to the American definition. The North has been vowing to pursue nuclear development unless Washington removes its 28,500 troops from South Korea and the nuclear umbrella defending South Korea and Japan.

Some experts believe Kim may try to drag out the process to wait out the Trump administration or seek a deal in which he gives away his intercontinental ballistic missiles but retains some of his shorter-range arsenal in return for a reduced U.S. military presence in the South. This could satisfy Trump but undermine the alliance between Washington and Seoul.

Kim declared his nuclear force as complete in December, following North Korea's most powerful nuclear test to date in September and three flight tests of ICBMs designed to reach the U.S. mainland.

North Korea announced at a ruling party meeting last month that it was suspending all tests of nuclear devices and ICBMs, as well as the plan to close the nuclear testing ground.

Kim said during the meeting that the nuclear test site's mission had come "to an end" because the North had completed the process of developing nuclear-capable intermediate-range missiles, ICBMs and other strike means.

The North also said for the first time at the meeting that it had been conducting "subcritical" nuclear tests. These refer to experiments involving a subcritical mass of nuclear materials that allow scientists to examine the performance and safety of weapons without triggering a nuclear chain reaction and explosion.

North Korea's reference to such activity is designed to communicate that even without underground testing, the country intends to maintain its nuclear arsenal and be a "responsible" steward of those weapons at the same time, said Andrea Berger, a senior analyst at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies.

Still, the closure of the underground testing site could be a useful precedent for Washington and Seoul as they proceed with the nuclear negotiations with Pyongyang, analysts say.

"Now that North Korea has accepted in principle that agreements should be verified, U.S. negotiators should hold them to this standard for any subsequent agreement," said Adam Mount, a senior defense analyst at the Federation of American Scientists. "It will make it more difficult for Kim Jong Un to deny inspections now that he has placed them on the table."

North Korea has invited the outside world to witness the dismantling of its nuclear facilities before. In June 2008, international broadcasters were allowed to air the demolishing of a cooling tower at the Nyongbyon reactor site, a year after the North reached an agreement with the U.S. and four other nations to disable its nuclear facilities in return for an aid package worth about $400 million.

But in September 2008, the North declared that it would resume reprocessing plutonium, complaining that Washington wasn't fulfilling its promise to remove the country from the U.S. list of state sponsors of terrorism.

The administration of George W. Bush removed North Korea from the list in October 2008 after the country agreed to continue disabling its nuclear plant. However, a final attempt by Bush to complete an agreement to fully dismantle North Korea's nuclear weapons program collapsed that December when the North refused to accept U.S.-proposed verification methods.

The North went on to conduct its second nuclear test in May 2009.

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